Wide range of DNA tests
GENOMICA, founded in 1990, has extensive experience in DNA analysis and is the leading company in genetic-forensic identification in Spain.
Genetic fingerprinting is also known as DNA testing or DNA testing, and is the technique used to distinguish individuals from each other using samples of their DNA.
The great precision and reliability of these analyses allows its use in forensic genetics for identification of individuals, inclusion or exclusion of suspects with samples of blood, buccal epithelium, hair, semen, etc. It is also used for identification of human remains, paternity/maternity or kinship tests, tests to establish family origins, etc.
Paternity / Maternity testing
The paternity test is the DNA analysis that allows to determine the genetic link between an individual and his or her parents.
The human being, when having sexual reproduction, inherits a copy of the genetic information from the mother and another from the father. The genetic paternity/maternity test is based on comparing the genetic information of both.
Indirect paternity/maternity testing from grandparents
When samples from one of the parents are not available, it is possible to perform the paternity/maternity test using the genetic profiles of the paternal/maternal grandparents, in addition to the profile of the available parent. The statistical calculation allows to obtain an accuracy rate comparable to the standard paternity/maternity test.
Post-mortem paternity/maternity testing
This test may involve the exhumation of remains of the alleged father/mother. Preferably long bones or dental pieces are used for genetic profiling. Since the exhumation process can be lengthy and costly, we recommend that you consult with us for an assessment and other possibilities for testing.
In response to the concern expressed by some adoptive families in reference to the genetic fingerprint of their children and how to relate it to their parents, GENOMICA offers the realization of the genetic fingerprint in order to know the genetic profile of these, essential in case of need.
If you belong to an association or entity and you need our services or advice, do not hesitate to contact us and tell us your needs.
In 2011 the National Institute of Toxicology and Forensic Sciences (INTCF) established an action protocol for the genetic identification of cases of irregular adoptions and abduction of newborns. It is a guide aimed at providing information on the technical procedure for the referral of DNA samples to the INTCF, in order to ensure the highest expert quality and unity of scientific criteria.
This service provided by the INTCF has among other objectives the verification of all DNA reports that the affected persons want to incorporate voluntarily. The aim is to evaluate the quality of these reports, with the purpose of incorporating them into the single database.
The National Commission for the Forensic Use of DNA (CNUFADN) approved in 2012 a document called ‘Recommendations on genetic identification studies in case of irregular associations and abduction of new-borns’. The document consists in general recommendations to ensure the quality and reliability of genetic identification studies in case of irregular adoptions and abduction of new-borns in the search for compatibilities between living individuals through DNA database.
Investigation of crimes and catastrophes
GENOMICA offers this service for the study of biological forensic expertise, including the analysis of biological traces of interest as bloodstains, sperm, hair, cigarette butts, etc.
By comparing the genetic fingerprint it is possible to reliably determine whether two biological samples are genetically related. The biostatistical study allows the unambiguous identification of one individual out of more than 100 billion.
This method could have the following applications:
- Identification of biological remains (hairs, blood, buccal epithelium on cigarette butts, etc.) found at a crime scene and their matching with suspects.
- Identification of semen remains on clothing in cases of sexual assault, and their comparison with suspects.
- Identification of human remains found at the scene of an accident or disaster, as well as corpses or human remains in an advanced state of decomposition.
The strict compliance with the chain of custody of the samples and the reliability of the reports issued by GENOMICA make them valid as expert evidence before the Courts of Justice.
Associations and entities
GENOMICA and the ANDENI Association, an International Adoption collaborating entity with the P.R. China, have renewed the collaboration agreement with the objective of collaborating and mediating in adoption processes, and to carry out the determination of the genetic fingerprint of its members.
ANDENI will be in charge of organizing groups of families interested in obtaining the genetic fingerprint of their child or children. GENOMICA will apply a special price to ANDENI members, which is significantly lower than the normal rate.
GENOMICA has a collaboration agreement with the Professional Association of Private Detectives of Spain (APDPE) for DNA analysis.